The Mechanisms Of a UPS System

How UPS Systems Work: UPS Systems use of battery or flywheel as a backup system – an electrical device that powers electronic equipment when the power source experiences dips and surges or when the power fails entirely.

UPS Systems differ from generators and will provide instant (or pretty close to) protection from interruptions with the use of batteries and related electronic circuitry – these are for lower power users. For higher power users flywheels are used.

By rule of thumb, the runtime of UPS systems is generally a short period of time – usually in the vicinity of between 5 and 15 minutes for smaller units. The general idea being the UPS System permits sufficient time to ensure the power source or line is correctly shut down in order to protect any electrical equipment, which could save literally thousands.

There is no specific type of equipment that needs protection from surges and dips, blackouts and brownouts; UPS Systems are there to safe-guard delicate and sensitive electronic equipment from damage, including computers, medical equipment in hospitals and other equipment that could lead to injuries and fatalities as well as business interruption.

UPS systems differ in size ranging from rather small and compact units to large units that are able to power massive centres that are generally used in factories and mines.

How UPS Systems work and the different designs that are available:

  •         The different types of UPS systems available to protect delicate electronic equipment include on-line, line-interactive and standby systems.
  •         Your offline UPS system is powered from the input power directly and the backup will only kick in if the power fails – these are usually below 1Kva, and quite cost-effective

There are so many UPS systems available; find out how UPS Systems Work before investing in one for your specific needs.

Ensure You Get The Right UPS Systems For Your Needs

It is advisable to go the professional route and find a company that is able to advise you what’s best for your needs – one that can professionally install your unit and also a company that can service your unit should the need arise!

There are different types of UPS Systems but the most common UPS categories of modern UPS Systems include Standby UPS Systems, which is also referred to as Off-Line UPS, Line Interactive UPS and On-Line UPS.

A Standby or Off-Line UPS system is usually used for when the load is powered directly from the utility and the backup power only kicks in if the main power fails. This UPS system is extremely basic and only provides surge protection and battery backup to enable businesses and individuals to save their data and shut down their devices safely. The Off-Line UPS can withstand under-voltage brownouts and surges without consuming the reserve power from the battery plus it is able to automatically select various power taps on the autotransformer.

A Line-Interactive UPS, on the other hand, preserves the inverter in line and transmits the battery’s DC current path from the usual charging method to supply current as and when the power goes down.

Online UPS System uses a method referred to as a “double conversion” which accepts the AC input, and correcting to DC, passing through the rechargeable battery.

There are definite distinctions regarding the UPS Systems being used – for example massive power units require UPS supplies where a synchronous alternator or motor is attached on the mains through the use of a choke. Power is then stored in a Flywheel and when the power is intermittent an Eddy Current directive upholds the power on the load. At times a diesel UPS supply is required and is referred to as a DRUPS.